Israel produces more scientific papers per capita than any other nation by a large margin – 109 per 10,000 people – as well as one of the highest percapita rates of patents filed.
Developers of Israel's missile defense system, Iron Dome, which became the hero of the 2014 conflict in Gaza, used some components from a toy car bought at Toys R Us to make the first prototype.
For many years, conservationists believed Israel's Hula painted frog was extinct after its swampy habitat was drained in the 1950s. Now, the frog has been found alive and jumping in the Hula valley after massive conservation efforts.
Two Israelis have won the 2004 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their groundbreaking work in cancer research.
Prof. Robert Aumann is the fourth Israeli in the last four years to win a Nobel prize.
Two Arab-Israeli engineers have developed a 2x2x2-inch computer, which is the smallest in the world. The CuBox-i, sells for just $55 and is made by Israeli company, SolidRun.
In the middle of the summer conflict with Gaza in 2014, a Belgian-Israeli Jew and a Dutch Muslim developed a new computer tool for mapping rocket trajectories from Gaza.
NASA is interested in knowing what Israeli researchers can learn about conditions on Mars by studying the Negev desert.
An Israeli research team has found that the combination of electrical stimulation and chemotherapy makes cancerous metastases disappear.
The new American state-of-the-art F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft will be equipped with Israeli-developed mounted display systems in their helmets which incorporate and display all vital flight data.