Brig. Gen. Danny Gold felt like Don Quixote.

The maverick thinker behind Iron Dome

Brig. Gen. Danny Gold felt like Don Quixote.

Brig. Gen. Danny Gold felt like Don Quixote.

The Israeli defense establishment thought Brig. Gen. Daniel Gold was absolutely crazy when he broached the idea for the missile-defense system that came to be known as Iron Dome (Kippat Barzel in Hebrew).

Several years later, Iron Dome turned out to be the surprise hero of the 2012 Gaza war. When Operation Protective Edge began in July 2014, it gained superstar status for shooting down a large proportion of the rockets fired from Gaza at Israeli population centers.

ISRAEL21c asked Gold where he got the nerve to persist with the project in the face of strong criticism back in 2005, when he headed R&D at the Israeli Ministry of Defense and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).

“My incentive was saving human lives,” he replies. “I saw what was going on and I said to myself, with all the technology that exists in Israel we must use it to protect human life. We will find a way. It always takes the political and military echelons a long time to think about what they want to do, and in the meantime we started to create a solution.”

Gold had already convened a committee in 2004 to study anti-missile technology options. In August 2005, Israel unilaterally withdrew its citizens from the Gaza Strip and many experts correctly predicted that, instead of bringing peace, the move would invite further aggression from Gaza against Israeli towns near the border. Gold forged ahead with Iron Dome in blatant disregard of a Defense Ministry directive.

He refused to allow the project to get stuck in the wheels of bureaucracy. “I wasn’t sure I could get the funds to go ahead, and I had a private investor lined up just in case, but I didn’t need him in the end,” says Gold, who won the Israel Defense Prize in 2012 for spearheading the Iron Dome project.

Tilting at windmills

Nevertheless, it took two years to persuade the skeptical powers-that-be to fund the project and assign it to Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. Other companies worked on aspects of Iron Dome, including mPrest Systems (software) and Elta Systems (radar).

“We picked the best in the entire country,” Gold told Yisrael Hayom (Israel Today) in 2012. “We had 70-year-old missile experts working alongside 25-year-old engineers fresh out of college, working shoulder to shoulder without any hierarchy. It was like running 15 serious start-up companies at the same time, all of which have to work in harmony with one another and be successful in record time.”

He tells ISRAEL21c that because the project had zero margin for error, he and his staff developed a special methodology to manage the diverse team. “Others are now interested in copying this model,” says Gold, who has doctorates in electrical engineering and business management from Tel Aviv University.

His huge risk paid off big time.

“When I started this endeavor, the scientific community was skeptical. When you think about it, it sounds like science fiction, the idea that missiles can intercept other missiles while flying. … But I am happy to say science fiction became a reality,” he was cited as saying by the Humans of Tel Aviv project.

“If you believe in something, find the resilience in you to make it happen — even fight windmills if you have to. Sometimes it’s worth being Don Quixote.”

‘I Love Iron Dome’

Nine Iron Dome batteries are now in place in Israel, with more to come. The system’s radar identifies incoming projectiles and determines which missiles are most likely to hit populated areas or strategic assets. It then fires a Tamir interceptor missile at the chosen target to destroy it. (Iron Dome differs in many ways from the US-built Patriot surface-to-air missile system; it is smaller, less costly per use and tailored to specific circumstances.)

The Iron Dome in action – missiles intercepting other missiles while flying. Photo by Flash90.

The Iron Dome in action – missiles intercepting other missiles while flying. Photo by Flash90.

Israeli business daily Globes estimates that NIS 4.5 billion ($1.3 billion) of Israeli and US funds have been spent on developing, building and utilizing Iron Dome.

Its cost is irrelevant to the millions of Israelis whose lives have been saved by this gutsy experiment. Israel’s gratitude to Iron Dome is manifested in “I Love Iron Dome” apparel, songs and videos.

Here’s a video for children about Iron Dome.

Gold tells ISRAEL21c that he sees the salutary effect of Iron Dome on Israel’s collective spirit.

“People feel that someone or something is protecting them. They gain confidence because they see [Iron Dome] working so nicely. Of course, they still have to go to shelters because it’s not 100 percent effective, but people are feeling safer and feeling proud of this Israeli achievement.”

He points out that since the first Iron Dome battery became operational in 2011, the system has successfully made more than 1,000 intercepts. “This makes me feel very good,” he says.

Today, Gold runs his own international consultancy, Gold R&D Technology and Innovation, and is voluntary head of the Israel National Committee for Commercial/Civilian Cyber R&D. He’s also on the board of Israel Brain Technologies (IBT), a non-profit dedicated to advancing Israel’s brain technology industry for the benefit of patients.

In a recent IBT interview, Gold said that the Iron Dome developers implemented algorithms based on Israeli human brain research.

“How do you approach a complex problem and solve it? We do this in the Israeli Defense Forces every day,” he said. “Many of the people involved in these types of projects, like the Iron Dome for example, then take their skills to industry. What they learned about putting together complex multidisciplinary solutions serves them well in fields such as high-tech and brain-tech.”

Photo by Tomer Neuberg/Flash90.
Israel in Pictures,Picture of the Week

Photo of the Week – Wedding under fire

Photo by Tomer Neuberg/Flash90.

Photo by Tomer Neuberg/Flash90.

Bride Shiran takes cover in a wine cellar with her guests as the Code Red siren is sounded during her wedding in Beer Yakov.

If you’ve got a photograph you’d like to feature on ISRAEL21c please send it in high resolution to Every week we will choose the best one to feature on our pages.

Irena Nosel tending Abdel from Gaza. Photo by Barak Nuna

‘Children are children. They are not our enemies’

Along with the other 210,000 residents of coastal Ashdod, over the past couple of weeks Irena Nosel and her family must scramble for shelter when the wailing siren warns of incoming missiles from Gaza.

Her teenage son is in the army and her five-year-old son is confined to home because of the danger. Yet Nosel hasn’t missed a day of work as head nurse of the pediatric intensive care unit at Wolfson Medical Center in Holon.

She cares daily for critically ill children from Israel as well as from Gaza, the Palestinian Authority-administered territories, Syria, Africa and other places where the medical system is much less advanced than in Israel.

“Children are children. They are not our enemies,” she tells ISRAEL21c. “It doesn’t matter where they are from. If these children will not come to Wolfson and receive treatment, they will have no chance to live.”

Nosel is also head nurse for the Israeli nonprofit medical organization Save A Child’s Heart, based at Wolfson since its founding nearly 20 years ago. About 40 percent of the patients in her 10-bed unit are admitted through the free cardiology clinic that SACH holds every Tuesday for patients from Gaza and the West Bank.

Remarkably, the flow of sick children has not lessened despite the bombings, due to ongoing behind-the-scenes coordination with healthcare officials in hostile regions.

“We always have Palestinian children in our unit; right now we have three,” she says during a phone interview on Sunday morning. “This Tuesday, 14 children are scheduled to come to the clinic, and some will be hospitalized and stay for surgeries.”

The morning of her conversation with ISRAEL21c, Nosel was feeling less stressed about leaving her young son, Tomer, because Wolfson had just opened an emergency day camp for children of employees. Until then, she had to leave the kindergartner at home with his dad, waiting anxiously for her return, since regular summer activities are canceled in the port city due to constant attacks.

“It’s a difficult situation at home,” she acknowledges. “There are a lot of bombs falling. I never thought to stay home with him and miss work, but honestly it’s not easy for me. We are all here because we believe that we should continue with our mission, saving the children and helping the families.”

No politics in the hospital

Tamar Shapira, spokeswoman for SACH, calls Nosel “the most amazing, dedicated person. She comes every day no matter what, because she does a simple calculation that she knows she’s needed for these children’s survival. The whole team feels that way.”

The pediatric ICU is staffed by 35 nurses in addition to medical students, medical interns and four senior doctors – Jewish, Muslim and Christian. Healthcare professionals from many countries, including recently from China and Tanzania, come for SACH training to take back home. About half the children admitted through SACH for free treatment come from the Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Iraq and Morocco.

Shapira says that the personal political leanings of the staff run the full spectrum from right to left, but have no bearing on their work. “They are all here for the patients,” she says.

“There is no politics here,” echoes Nosel. “The nationality of the children is not an issue at all.”

The patient shown here is Talya from Nablus. Photo by Barak Nuna

The patient shown here is Talya from Nablus. Photo by Barak Nuna

She relates that many Palestinian parents feel frightened when they first come to Israel with their sick children. “And then they see how we care for their kids, and they see that there is no tension between the different peoples here.”

When an air-raid siren goes off in Holon, just south of Tel Aviv, the staff members, parents and children are all in the same boat. In the face of the awkward irony that the bombs are coming from Hamas terrorists in Gaza, where some of the patients’ families live, Nosel reports that the stress in the pediatric ICU is kept to a minimum with black humor.

“We prefer to laugh about it,” she says.

After some 20 years on the job, the 42-year-old nurse says she is not burned out even in such trying times. During the 2009 Gaza conflict, she was pregnant with Tomer and didn’t miss a day on the job. Again in 2012, and now less than two years later, she has had to work under fire.

“I’m still excited for my work, and I have not thought about doing something else,” she says. “I like to care for people.”

Claire Lomas nearing the end of the Virgin London Marathon. Photo courtesy of Argo Medical Technologies
Behind the scenes at ISRAEL21c

ReWalk takes steps toward $50 million IPO

Israeli developed exoskeleton for paraplegics was one of TIME magazine's '25 Best Inventions of the Year 2013.'

Israeli-developed exoskeleton for paraplegics was one of TIME magazine’s ’25 Best Inventions of the Year 2013.’

Argo Medical Technologies took a huge step forward with its innovative robotic exoskeleton suit that enables paraplegics to walk. Now the Israeli company behind ReWalk – first introduced to the public by ISRAEL21c in 2008 – is reportedly taking another enormous step toward an initial public offering (IPO) on NASDAQ, and is said to be planning to raise more than $50 million in a listing this year. According to a report in Globes, Argo is planning its IPO at a company value of $250-$300 million.

ReWalk is a wearable robotic exoskeleton that provides powered hip and knee motion to enable individuals with spinal-cord injury to stand upright, climb stairs and walk. It was developed by Argo founder Dr. Amit Goffer in 2001 after he was paralyzed in an accident with an all-terrain vehicle. After ISRAEL21c’s first story, the world media have reported extensively about this futuristic bionic suit.

Available in Europe since 2012, the Israeli system stole the spotlight at the Virgin London Marathon when Claire Lomas, a chiropractor who was permanently paralyzed below her chest as the result of a 2007 riding accident, crossed the finish line in the 26.2-mile run thanks to the exoskeleton device.

Now the ReWalk system, which was dubbed by TIME magazine as one of 2013′s best inventions in the world, is back in the headlines thanks to its recent US Food and Drug Administration approval for using its ReWalk device at home and in the community.

ReWalk is the only exoskeleton with FDA clearance via clinical studies and extensive performance testing for personal use.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are about 200,000 people in the United States living with a spinal-cord injury, many of whom have complete or partial paraplegia.

“Innovative devices such as ReWalk go a long way towards helping individuals with spinal cord injuries gain some mobility,” said Christy Foreman, director of the Office of Device Evaluation, at the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “Along with physical therapy, training and assistance from a caregiver, these individuals may be able to use these devices to walk again in their homes and in their communities.”

Argo actually offers two products: ReWalk Personal and the ReWalk Rehabilitation wearable robotic systems. The Rewalk Personal System, designed for everyday use by individuals at home and in their communities, is custom-fit for each user. The ReWalk Rehabilitation system is used in the clinical rehabilitation environment, where it provides a valuable means of exercise and therapy as well as a training base for individuals to be certified, enabling them to purchase a Personal system.

“The person walks the system; the system does not walk them. The users are in control — when they want to sit, they sit, when then want to stand and walk, they do so,” says ReWalk inventor Goffer.

Derek Herrera, a captain in the US Marine Corps, is a paraplegic trained on the ReWalk Personal System, and will be one of the first Americans to own the ReWalk. “I see this as a milestone for people in my same situation who will now have access to this technology – to experience walking again, and all of the health benefits that come with ReWalking,” Captain Herrera said.

The Marine Special Operations Command (MARSOC) Foundation will donate the funds for Herrera’s ReWalk system, which carries a price tag of $69,500. “It will be incredible for me to regain independence, to use the system to walk and stand on my own,” he added.

The FDA’s marketing clearance was granted via a rigorous process that involved multiple clinical studies demonstrating safety and effectiveness of the technology.

“This revolutionary product will have an immediate, life-changing impact on individuals with spinal cord injuries,” said Larry Jasinski, CEO of ReWalk Robotics. “For the first time individuals with paraplegia will be able to take home this exoskeleton technology, use it every day and maximize on the physiological and psychological benefits we have observed in clinical trials. This is truly the beginning of ‘ReWalking’ as a daily reality in the US.”

Argo is just one of many Israeli health-related companies hoping to raise money in the US to finance product development and marketing, according to a Bloomberg report.
Bloomberg reports that Argo is backed by investors including SCP Vitalife Partners, Pontifax Venture Capital Fund, OurCrowd, and Technion Research & Development Foundation.

Enjoying the parade, from top clockwise, David Behrman, Vicki Weber, Lana Dishler, Michele Herman, Steve Ostrove and Bernie Dishler.
Behind the scenes at ISRAEL21c

Celebrate Israel parade brings travel pals back together

Cap 1: Enjoying the parade, from top clockwise, David Behrman, Vicki Weber, Lana Dishler, Michele Herman, Steve Ostrove and Bernie Dishler.



Cap 2: Karen and Steve Ostrove on the Journey to Israel trip.

What is 5½ miles from head to tail, 50 years old, and winds through the streets of Manhattan?

The Celebrate Israel parade, of course.

The parade celebrated its 50th anniversary this year, and the 66th anniversary of Israel’s Independence Day, with more than 200 different groups and 40,000 marchers. (Don’t ask about the security.)

It started at 11am on June 1 at 57th Street, and progressed up Fifth Avenue to 74th Street. The last float finished at 4pm.

And on the last float was Karen Ostrove, who joined us on the ISRAEL21c Journey to Israel trip last October. Karen was there because her day job is organizing the parade. It’s an all-year thing: deciding which groups march, what order they’re in, what their banners and floats say, and how they’re announced for live TV coverage.

Karen and Steve Ostrove on the Journey to Israel trip.

Karen and Steve Ostrove on the Journey to Israel trip.

And then, on the day of the parade, Karen makes sure that all those people, all those banners, and all those floats get sent off properly, in the right order, from the starting line. Like a captain who is the last one to leave the ship, Karen is on that last float, getting off at the VIP grandstand near 72nd Street, at which point the parade is officially over.

Her husband, Steve, makes it a family affair. He was at the reviewing grandstand in a bright orange “Staff” shirt, near the media booth with all the TV cameras, making sure that there weren’t big gaps in the marchers, which would create “dead air” in the live television broadcast.


Best part: We got to have a mini-reunion from our trip, with Karen and Steve, Michele Herman and Bernie and Lana Dishler.