Israel’s top 45 greatest inventions of all time

A new exhibit pays homage to Israeli ingenuity behind gadgets like the Disk-on-Key, PillCam, solar windows and a space camera.

Bloomfield interactive workshop

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
“Inventors for a Day” tap into their creative side at the Inventions, Inc. exhibition at Jerusalem’s Bloomfield Science Museum.

One of Israel’s sources of pride is the enormous number of inventions and innovations that have taken root on its soil over 63 years — despite challenges of geography, size and diplomacy. The ever-churning Israeli mind has brought us drip irrigation, the cherry tomato, the electric car grid, the Disk-on-Key and much more.

Through December at the Bloomfield Science Museum in Jerusalem, 45 indispensable Israeli inventions are being displayed and demonstrated. Curator Varda Gur Ben-Sheetrit tells ISRAEL21c that hundreds of ingenious inventions were considered for Inventions, Inc., which offers visitors a chance to learn more and try their own hand at coming up with something new.


She emphasizes that many other Israeli inventions are deserving of being included. “We were, of course, constrained by space limitations, and also not every company we invited to exhibit responded,” she says.


Another feature of the exhibition is the Transparent Studio, where graduates of the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design conduct a course on innovation in the area of light and lighting design. Visitors can observe their work-in-progress and share their ideas and suggestions with the designers.

Here, ISRAEL21c gives Israel’s top 45 inventions highlighted at the exhibition, in no particular order.

1. Given Imaging, a world leader in developing and marketing patient-friendly solutions for visualizing and detecting disorders of the GI tract, is best known for its PillCam (aka capsule endoscopy), now the gold standard for intestinal visualization.

Given Imaging

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
Visitors watch how the PillCam shows doctors what’s going on in the gut.

2. Netafim is a worldwide pioneer in smart drip and micro-irrigation, starting from the idea of Israeli engineer Simcha Blass for releasing water in controlled, slow drips to provide precise crop irrigation. The kibbutz-owned company operates in 112 countries with 13 factories throughout the world.

3. Ormat Technologies designs, develops, builds, owns, manufactures and operates geothermal power plants worldwide, supplying clean geothermal power in more than 20 countries.

4. Pythagoras Solar makes the world’s first solar window, which combines energy efficiency, power generation and transparency. This transparent photovoltaic glass unit can be easily integrated into conventional building design and construction processes.

Pythagoras Solr solar window

The world’s first solar window.

5. Hazera Genetics, a project of two professors at the Hebrew University Faculty of Agriculture, yielded the cherry tomato — a tasty salad fixing that ripens slowly and doesn’t rot in shipment.

6. BabySense is a non-touch, no-radiation device designed to prevent crib death. Made by HiSense, the device monitors a baby’s breathing and movements through the mattress during sleep. An auditory and visual alarm is activated if breathing ceases for more than 20 seconds or if breath rate slows to less than 10 breaths per minute.

7. EpiLady, the first electric hair remover (epilator), secured its leading position in the international beauty care market and since 1986 has sold almost 30 million units.

8. 3G Solar pioneered a low-cost alternative to silicon that generates significantly more electricity than leading silicon-based PV solar modules at a lower cost per kilowatt hour.

9. MobileEye combines a tiny digital camera with sophisticated algorithms to help drivers navigate more safely. The steering system-linked device sounds an alert when a driver is about to change lanes inadvertently, warns of an impending forward collision and detects pedestrians. MobileEye has deals with GM, BMW and Volvo, among others.

MobileEye car

Photo courtesy of MobileEye
How does MobileEye keep drivers safe?

10. Leviathan Energy innovated the Wind Tulip, a cost-effective, silent, vibration-free wind turbine designed as an aesthetic environmental sculpture, producing clean energy at  high efficiency from any direction.

11. Rav Bariach introduced the steel security door that has become Israel’s standard. Its geometric lock, whose cylinders extend from different points into the doorframe, is incorporated into doors selling on five continents.

Rav Bariach technology

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
Turn the key at the Rav Bariach display and you’ll see how secure cylinders come out of the door at various intervals.

12. BriefCam video-synopsis technology lets viewers rapidly review and index original full-length video footage by concurrently showing multiple objects and activities that actually occurred at different times. This technology drastically cuts the time and manpower involved in event tracking, forensics and evidence discovery.

13. GridON makes the Keeper, a three-phase fault current limiter developed at Bar-Ilan University. The device, which blocks current surges and limits the current for as long as required to clear the fault, won an Innovation Award from General Electric’s Ecomagination Challenge and is of interest to major utilities companies around the world.

14. Better Place electric car network, Israeli Shai Agassi’s brainchild, is implementing the Israeli pilot that will provide a model for a worldwide electric car grid.

BEtter Place charging station

Photo courtesy of Better Place
Artist’s rendering of a Better Place charging station.

15. Intel Israel changed the face of the computing world with the 8088 processor (the “brain” of the first PC), MMX and Centrino mobile technology. Israeli engineers at Intel in the 1990s had to convince skeptical bosses to take a chance on MMX technology, an innovation designed to improve computer processing. It’s now considered a milestone in the company’s history.

16. Disk-on-Key, the ubiquitous little portable storage device made by SanDisk, was invented by Dov Moran as an upgraded version of disk and diskette technology through the use of flash memory and USB interface for connection to personal computers.


Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
The SanDisk display shows how one tiny device can hold as much data as a stack of floppy disks.

17. TACount real-time microbiology enables the detection and counting of harmful microorganisms in a matter of minutes, rather than the conventional method of cell culture that takes several hours to a few days. The technology applies to the fields of drinking and wastewater, pharmaceuticals and food and beverage production.

18. Solaris Synergy innovated an environmentally friendly and economically beneficial way to float solar panels on water instead of taking up valuable land, generating energy while protecting and limiting evaporation from reservoir surfaces.

19. HydroSpin is developing a unique internal pipe generator that supplies electricity for water monitoring and control systems in remote areas and sites without accessibility to electricity.

20. The Volcani Research Center of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development aims to improve existing agricultural production systems and to introduce new products, processes and equipment. Basic and applied research is conducted at six institutes and in two regional research centers by more than 200 scientists and 300 engineers and technicians.

21. Rosetta Green, a 2010 spinoff of the agro-biotechnology division of Rosetta Genomics, develops improved plant traits for the agriculture and biofuel industries, using unique genes called microRNAs.

Rosetta Green

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
A guide explains Rosetta Green tech to young museum visitors.

22. Mazor Robotics’ Spine Assist and other surgical robots are transforming spine surgery from freehand procedures to highly accurate, state-of-the-art operations with less need for radiation.

23. The optical heartbeat monitor developed by Bar-Ilan University’s Prof. Ze’ev Zalevsky is a revolutionary medical technology using a fast camera and small laser light source.

24. Elya Recycling developed and patented an innovative method for recycling plastic based on a specialized formulation of natural ingredients. Making the new raw material for handbags, reusable totes and lumber products requires 50 percent less energy than current recycling methods and 83% less energy than virgin manufacturing.

25. Like-A-Fish unique air supply systems extract air from water, freeing leisure and professional scuba divers, as well as submarines and underwater habitats, from air tanks.

26. Itamar Medical’s WatchPAT is an FDA-approved portable diagnostic device for the follow-up treatment of sleep apnea in the patient’s own bedroom, rather than at a sleep disorders clinic.

Itamar Medical

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
WatchPAT lets patients spend the night at home.

27. Zenith Solar developed a modular, easily scalable high-concentration photovoltaic system (HCPV). The core technology is based on a unique, proprietary optical design to extract the maximum energy with minimal real estate.

28. AFC (Active Flow Control) was developed at Tel Aviv University as an intelligent gas-air mixing system to replace all existing mixing technologies.

29. The Space Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) unit of Elbit Systems makes a “space camera,” a compact, lightweight electro-optic observation system for government, commercial and scientific applications.

30. Turbulence, the world’s first hyper-narrative, interactive movie, is also the name of the company developed by Prof. Nitzan Ben-Shaul of Tel Aviv University. The technology allows the viewer to choose the direction of the film’s plot by pressing buttons on the PC, Mac or iPad at various moments in the action.

Interactive movie

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
Checking out interactive tech for movies.

31. Decell Technologies is a global leader in providing real-time road traffic information based on monitoring the location and movement of phones and GPS devices. Swift-i Traffic, Decell’s premium product, is incorporated in leading navigation systems, fleet management services, mapping operations and media channels in several countries.

32. NDS VideoGuard technology is the pay-TV industry’s advanced suite of conditional access (CA) solutions. It protects branded service from piracy and ensures that consumers will have the choice and flexibility they demand in broadcast and on-demand content.

NDS VideoGuard

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
NDS VideoGuard enhances the viewing experience.

33. PrimeSense revolutionizes interaction with digital devices by allowing them to “see” in three dimensions and transfer control from remote controls and joysticks to hands and body. It is the leading business provider of low-cost, high-performance 3D machine vision technologies for the consumer market.

34. Takadu provides monitoring software to leading water utilities worldwide. The product offers real-time detection and control over network events such as leaks, bursts, zone breaches and inefficiencies.

Takadu water monitoring

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
Takadu offers real time detection and control over water leaks.

35. Hewlett Packard (HP)’s Indigo digital printing presses for general commercial printing, direct mail, photos and photobooks, publications, labels, business cards, flexible packaging and folding cartons print without films and plates, allowing for personalized short runs and changing text and images without stopping the press.

36. Cubital’s solid rapid prototyping machines craft 3D models of engineering parts directly from designs on a computer screen. They’re used in the automotive, aerospace, consumer products and medical industries, as well as engineering firms and academic and research institutions.

Cubital 3D

Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
Cubital paved the way for rapid 3D models from computer designs.


37. The Zomet Institute in Jerusalem is a non-profit, public research institute where rabbis, researchers and engineers devise practical solutions for modern life without violating Sabbath restrictions on the use of electricity. Zomet technology is behind metal detectors, security jeeps, elevators, electric wheelchairs and coffee machines that can be used on Shabbat, as well as solutions requested by the Israeli ministries of health and defense, Ben-Gurion Airport, Elite Foods, Tnuva Dairies, Israeli Channel 10 Television and others.

38. The EarlySense continuous monitoring solution allows hospital nurses to watch and record patients’ heart rate, respiration and movement remotely through a contact-free sensor under the mattress. The system’s built-in tools include a wide range of reports on the status of patients, including alerts for falls and bedsore prevention.


Photo courtesy of Bloomfield Science Museum
All you have to do is lie down to be monitored by EarlySense for temp, movement and breathing.

39. TourEngine significantly reduces fuel consumption and harmful emissions by common engines through a sophisticated thermal management strategy. It can also be easily integrated with future hybrid engines, further improving their efficiency and environment-friendly attributes.

40. The superconducting fault current limiter (FCL), designed for limiting short currents, comes out of a $2 million project developed over two years by RICOR Cryogenics and Vacuum Systems with the Institute of Superconductivity at Bar-Ilan University.

41. Heliofocus led an industry trend to provide solar-energy boosting for existing coal or gas power plants, reducing carbon emissions and overall costs.

42. Transbiodiesel makes enzyme-based catalysts (biocatalysts) used in the production of biodiesel.

43. SolarEdge makes a module that optimizes every link in the solar PV chain, maximizing energy production while monitoring constantly to detect faults and prevent theft.

44. The 3D tethered particle motion system developed by three professors at Bar-Ilan allows for three-dimensional tracking of critical protein-DNA and protein-RNA cell interactions in the body.

45. Panoramic Power provides a current monitor solution that enables enterprises and organizations to reduce their operational and energy expenses using a breakthrough power flow visibility platform.

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About Abigail Klein Leichman

Abigail Klein Leichman is a writer and associate editor at ISRAEL21c. Prior to moving to Israel in 2007, she was a specialty writer and copy editor at a daily newspaper in New Jersey and has freelanced for a variety of newspapers and periodicals since 1984.
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  • Margaret Mbogoh

    Wow! I am impressed by the various innovations developed in Israel for they have real ability to transform lives all of over the world. In Africa these innovations are really needed. I need to bring them to Kenya soon.

  • Mrs. E.I. nadav

    wondefrul article and achievements, the jewish people are a thriving pulsating, growing nation, contributing to the world, we are surely blessed.  why not inform the rest of the world of these achievements, especially the

    • Yury R

      They already know and they don’t care, we are just going to have to invent a giant lazer and zap their houses from space.

      • Josanne Moore

        There are so many more on earth who really do care and recognize how blessed we are to enjoy the blessings of the Jewish people. We see Genesis 12:1-3 come alive every day in Israel, and around the globe! Peace to Israel, the citizens there and wherever the Jewish nation is scattered!

        • Traffa Cognomen

          Bel()ial sends his greetings.

        • SirEdwin1

          Are the Jews superior or what?

          • Ivan Bial

            why would you ask such a stupid question?

            I don’t know about the rest of the world but it obvious they are superior to you.

          • Jim Rossi

            They are blessed. Thank God

          • Etty Gron

            No but studying is very important to them, And they are very inquisitive that’s why they invent so many things.

          • Absolian

            think about it like that there less then 20 million jews all over the world

            about 6 to 8 million live in israel and this only little of what they did and develop only in 66 years

            even tho the endless war they still make much more then other naitions!

          • Tyrone Moore

            They aren’t. Jews just have a strong work ethic. Just like the Asians do

          • mikifenn

            Yes, generally Jews are mentally superior to most of us.

  • Zehava Bracha Arky

    Love it. Am Yisrael Chai

  • Traffa Cognomen

    It’s a pretty pathetic list when compared to an Australian inventions list: including Wi Fi, Stealth detecting radar (Jindalee), powered flight, electric drill, refrigerator, electronic pacemaker, solar hot water, black box flight recorder, ultrasound and spray-on skin for burn victims to name a few.

    • Danielle Layman

      you’re pathetic for not recognizing the achievements. Australia is a wonderful contributor but that does not diminish Israel’s achievements, accomplished in spite of a constant state of war in a country less than 70 years old, founded from scratch by poverty stricken holocaust survivors and made into the only western modern democracy in the Middle East

    • Abe Bird

      Really? What Australia has to do with Hi Fi or spray-on skin and all these in between? Hi Fi Refrigerator? a German guy 140 years ago. first developed in the US. Solar hot Water? Israel developed that technology in the 50′s. Israel has another options to express the “top 45 graet inventions”, and I see that list as random.
      The list is only partially cover Israel achievements. See here for example:

    • SirEdwin1

      ITs pretty pathetic indeed. The pill camera is pretty cool, but the Cherry Tomato
      changes everything.

    • Ivan Bial

      hay Traffa Cognomen, it’s not a contest..why are you so
      offended by this little country that did not exist until 1948.

      Just for your info with a little more
      digging you will find thousands of life changing invention coming out of Israel,
      including anti-missile, drone technology, cancer break troughs all while
      watching their neighbors prepare to destroy them.

      Don’t forget in the late 1970 they placed
      a satellite in orbit.

    • djmz2069

      Thank you, this is just Jewish propaganda into guilt trips for US financial and military back up.

    • Maria Söderström

      They are a very young nation…bildt up by people from terrible situations…also very few

      • Rob

        young nation? what are you talking about? they own everything in the world !!! banks,media,tech,.so on and on … porn industry as well and all that means money!!!!!When you have money you can provide education

  • Traffa Cognomen

    Wow. You censor contributions.

    • zeitgoose

      You call ignorance, lies and hatred a “contribution”. For the full profile of this twisted bigot, just click on its name.

    • SirEdwin1

      i was censored also. Shocking.

      • Ivan Bial

        hate and ignorance direct at one group or another needs to
        be censored.

        But you can hold your head up high because most likely your
        on Mel Gibson’s Christmas card list.

    • Mary Coyote

      Traffa is a well known hater contributor at Al jareera English. Seems to have a special hate for Israel

  • SirEdwin1

    The cherry tomato is # 5 on Israelies all time greatest invention list??

  • SirEdwin1

    A Cherry Tomato that does not rot in shipment??
    This changes everything.

  • Leonard Pollack

    For a country the size of New Jersey, it does boggle the mind what they have accomplished in so short a time. Imagine if the six million were alive today.

    • Geshie

      If the 6million were alive today, they would be 30 million. Hard to believe what they might have created.

  • 60′s Fighter 4 Truth

    Israel..a “Light” to the Nations

  • AlgorithmicAnalyst

    And on the other side we have:

    3. IEDs
    2. Suicide vests


    1. Homemade rockets!

  • pguild01

    The Israelis are truly God’s chosen people. Thank you to Israel and all of it’s citizens for an outstanding job of improving life throughout the world. Peter Guild, Quincy, MA.

  • G. Berry

    ReWalk helps parapalegics walk again

  • Emet Tzedekem

    Jews are a wonderful and giving people. Yehoshuah gave the most. All praise to His glorious name.

  • Steve T.

    Oh yeah, and who invented the gasoline powered automobile? Siegfried Marcus! An Austrian Jew, in the mid 1800s. The Nazis tried to erase the fact by destroying the evidence, but the Austrians hid the car and some of the literature associated with it. And you thought it was Mercedes Benz didn’t you?

  • CtizenSane

    Thanks Israel! I am not Jewish but I support your country 100% and I let everyone know it. I speak the truth as much as possible and try to dispel the ridiculous hypocrisy seeping into my society like a cancer. Most of it is brought in because we let in so many Arabs, but hopefully one day people will realize what you guys are dealing with and wake up!

  • claudia chavez

    Inspide all the hatred and envy of some and the desinformation and desfiguración of the reality by others
    Israel continues progressing in all kind of achievement improving the lives of millions.
    God bless Israel!

  • Jojo

    Hi! I want to know your smallest PC which displayed at Jew tube. I want to know how to operate it. Can I use my old monitor and keyboard by using your smallest PC?

  • Maria Söderström

    Well you dont use facebook? have you dear djims asked yourself why you hate Israel

  • mikifenn

    You’re saying Catholics don’t believe the Bible? I have long suspected this, but you are the first one I’ve heard admit it.