• Pyschologist Daniel Kahneman receives the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work on behavioral economics and the psychology of judgment and decision-making, even though he never took a single economics course. Kahneman’s book “Thinking, Fast and Slow,” which summarizes his research, was published in 2011 and became a bestseller. In 2015, he was listed as the seventh most influential economist in the world by The Economist.

• The non-profit Israel Trauma Coalition is founded. The ITC partners with more than 60 organizations including NGOs, government ministries and Home Front Command to create care in the trauma field, strengthening community resilience and ensuring emergency preparedness. In 2018 alone, the ITC has sent experts to help in the wake of the Parkland school shooting, and to offer long-term support to the victims of last year’s hurricane in Texas.

Israel’s medical clowns in action after the earthquake in Nepal in 2015. Photo courtesy Dream Doctors Project

• Dream Doctors is founded and revolutionizes the field of professional therapeutic clowning, helping Israel to become the world leader in this field. Today, Dream Doctors work in 29 hospitals across Israel in more than 30 different departments, from the emergency room to surgery, maternity wards, oncology and autism clinics. Israel sends Dream Doctors on its aid missions around the world. The clowns work hand-in-hand with doctors and nurses as they treat both adults and children.