Aharon Meskin receiving an Israel Prize in 1960 from David Ben-Gurion. Photo from the National Photo Collection via Wikimedia Commons

The Israel Prize, the state’s highest cultural honor, is awarded for the first time. The nine recipients represent the fields of Jewish studies, literature, education, social science, medical science, fine arts, exact sciences and life sciences.

• The Conquest of the Desert world’s fair opens in Jerusalem, focusing on the themes of reclamation and population of desert area. Some 600,000 people visit the fair.